MURNInet an approach to measure and assess the sustainability of a city and its affiliates through the use of the 38 indicators - sustainability indicators.
Implementation of Sustainable Urban Indicators (MURNInet) is an application to create a database in digital form that can measure the sustainability of the city and also be able to give sustainability achievements of a local authority on an ongoing basis.
i. Identify the problem, urban quality & make recommendations - the proposed solutions;
ii. Improve the level of facilities and level of services to residents;
iii. Obtain / provide the basis for solving the population problem;
iv. Be measuring & encourage 'local and foreign investors on the status of the sustainability of a city.
MURNInet implemented by JPBDSM involves major cities to adopt the 38 indicators.
Shah Alam City Council is the City Indicators Pilot Project Implementation Commission (MURNInet) conducted by DTCP Peninsular Malaysia since 2004 until now.
Selangor has taken the initiative MURNInet from 2006 through the signing of the Implementation Agreement MURNInet For All local authorities held on July 6, 2006.
To enhance performance indicators MURNInet in Selangor, two workshops were held ie on 13 to 14 April 2006, and July 6, 2006. As a result of the workshop, 24 indicators have been added based on the Safe City Programme, Selangor Maju, Agenda 21 Local Authorities and Local Authority Performance Indicators.
Now, the State has adopted 62 of 38 indicators of existing indicators and the addition of 24 new indicators covering 11 sectors of the demographic, housing, economic, utilities and infrastructure, community facilities and recreation, environment, sociology and social impacts, land use, tourism and heritage, as well as the transport and flow of accessibility and financial management.
Sustainability status of the 42 cities in Peninsular Malaysia are shown in Table 1.
Table 1: Status of Local Area Sustainability 2008 For Implementation of DTCP MURNInet Peninsular Malaysia (Source: Sustainable Development Secretariat, Selangor DTCP)
|1.||Shah Alam, Selangor||86.84 (Sustainable)|
|3.||Jelebu, Negeri Sembilan||84.21 (Sustainable)|
|4.||Johor Bahru Tengah||83.33 (Sustainable)|
|5.||Port Dickson||83.33 (Sustainable)|
|6.||Langkawi, Kedah||83.33 (Sustainable)|
|7.||Kemaman, Terengganu||82.46 (Sustainable)|
|8.||Selama, Perak||81.16 (Sustainable)|
|9.||Kota Kinabalu, Sabah||79.63 (Medium Sustainable)|
|10.||Pengkalan Hulu, Perak||79.28 (Medium Sustainable)|
|11.||Alor Gajah, Melaka||78.95 (Medium Sustainable)|
|12.||Georgetown, Pulau Pinang||78.07 (Medium Sustainable)|
|13.||Kuching Selatan, Sarawak||76.92 (Medium Sustainable)|
|14.||Kluang, Johor||76.67 (Medium Sustainable)|
|15.||Kuala Kangsar, Perak||76.58 (Medium Sustainable)|
|16.||Sandakan, Sabah||76.58 (Medium Sustainable)|
|17.||Grik, Perak||76.35 (Medium Sustainable)|
|18.||Temerloh, Pahang||75.86 (Medium Sustainable)|
|19.||Gua Musang, Kelantan||75.56 (Medium Sustainable)|
|20.||Tanjong Malim, Perak||75.44 (Medium Sustainable)|
|21.||Jasin, Melaka||75.44 (Medium Sustainable)|
|22.||Nilai, Negeri Sembilan||75.44 (Medium Sustainable)|
|23.||Kuching Utara, Sarawak||75.44 (Medium Sustainable)|
|24.||Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu||75.21 (Medium Sustainable)|
|25.||Batu Gajah, Perak||73.87 (Medium Sustainable)|
|26.||Setiawan, Perak||73.68 (Medium Sustainable)|
|27.||Bentong, Pahang||73.68 (Medium Sustainable)|
|28.||Kota Bharu, Kelantan||72.92 (Medium Sustainable)|
|29.||Kampar, Perak||72.81 (Medium Sustainable)|
|30.||Lenggong, Perak||72.07 (Medium Sustainable)|
|31.||Ipoh, Perak||71.93 (Medium Sustainable)|
|32.||Parit Buntar, Perak||71.93 (Medium Sustainable)|
|33.||Taiping, Perak||71.93 (Medium Sustainable)|
|34.||Kuala Lipis, Pahang||71.54 (Medium Sustainable)|
|35.||Tawau, Sabah||71.30 (Medium Sustainable)|
|36.||Seri Iskandar, Perak||70.97 (Medium Sustainable)|
|37.||Johor Bahru, Johor||70.83 (Medium Sustainable)|
|38.||Miri, Sarawak||70.27 (Medium Sustainable)|
|39.||Kulai, Johor||69.57 (Medium Sustainable)|
|40.||Tumpat, Kelantan||69.33 (Medium Sustainable)|
|41.||Sibu, Sarawak||69.30 (Medium Sustainable)|
|42.||Machang, Kelantan||68.42 (Medium Sustainable)|
Beginning in 2008, the Selangor State MURNInet itself implemented by local authorities through the website e-MURNInet Punjab and coordinated by the Selangor DTCP.
Urban Sustainability Status (MURNInet) Local Council for the year 2008 showed 11 local authorities achieve sustainable status of MBSA, MBPJ, MPK, MPKj, MPAJ, MPS, MPSJ, MPSepang, MDKS, MDKL and MDSB which is the percentage of 80% to above. MDHS is only moderate level of 77.04%. (Refer to Table 1 and Figure 1)
Table 2: Status of Sustainability Local Council Area in 2008 (Source: Sustainable Development Secretariat, Selangor DTCP)
|1.||Majlis Bandaraya Shah Alam||Sustainable (87.63%)|
|2.||Majlis Bandaraya Petaling Jaya||Sustainable (86.56%)|
|3.||Majlis Perbandaran Klang||Sustainable (81.42%)|
|4.||Majlis Perbandaran Kajang||Sustainable (81.67%)|
|5.||Majlis Perbandaran Ampang Jaya||Sustainable (82.51%)|
|6.||Majlis Perbandaran Selayang||Sustainable (81.42%)|
|7.||Majlis Perbandaran Subang Jaya||Sustainable (81.97%)|
|8.||Majlis Perbandaran Sepang||Sustainable (80.65%)|
|9.||Majlis Daerah Kuala Selangor||Sustainable (82.51%)|
|10.||Majlis Daerah Kuala Langat||Sustainable (85.79%)|
|11.||Majlis Daerah Hulu Selangor||Medium Sustainable (77.04%)|
|12.||Majlis Daerah Sabak Bernam||Sustainable (84.92%)|